The capital of Ulaanbaatar is developing city and rapidly changing in the last decades and comes as a surprise. Most of the travelers are big surprised when they land for the first time. You know, the Mongolian capital is a compact and busily modernizing metropolis and one of the safest countries, inside is very different and cozy indeed. It has over half of the population lives in UB city which means 1.5 million residents, 67 percent of whom are young people.
With its frenetic modern lifestyle, Ulaanbaatar has come far from its origins as a Buddhist monastery settlement only 380 years ago. Changed the location almost 28 times and traveling over more than 300 km, is located in the valley surrounded by four mountains and on the banks of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. The town name was renamed several times as well. The first name was “Urguu” means Palace, and then became Ulaanbaatar, or “Red Hero”, in 1924.
In 1921, a new era of modern architecture and urban planning started for Ulaanbaatar, which resulted in the energetic building of new structures and apartment blocks. You can easily spot these Soviet-era buildings and structures in Ulaanbaatar. This unique social geography proves once again the remarkable ability of the Mongolian nomadic way of life to co-exist with modern urban living. In every corner of Ulaanbaatar, however, you will find examples of the modern mixed with the traditional way of life.
The UB city, located at an elevation of 1350 meters (4.430 feet) above the sea level, has a comfortable average temperature of around 22-25C in summer June, July and August when most tourists visit. But winter, still very much a developing tourist market, overnight temperatures drop to -26C in January, the coldest month. Spring can be extremely variable in weather conditions but sometimes it is interesting to see four seasons one day or four days. Everyone positively glows about the Golden autumn as winter slowly sets in. UB has a wide variety of accommodation from luxurious and comfortable hotels, hostels and tourist camps, even short-term apartment rentals and a rich mixture of restaurants, cafés, shops, and boutiques. There are many sightseeing places such as national history museums, Buddhist monastery museums, a dinosaur museum, and cultural performance.